Shaheed Shivaram Rajguru biography and facts:-
Shaheed Shivaram Rajguru was a great Indian freedom fighter who played a major role in India ’s struggle for Independence. His full name was Hari Shivaram Rajguru. Rajguruwas born on 24 August 1908 at Khed to Parvati Devi and Harnarain Rajguru in Deshastha Brahmin family. Khed was located at the bank of river Bheema near Pune, in what was British India. His father expired when he was only six years old and the responsibility of family fell on his elder brother Dinkar. He received his primary education at Khed and later studied in New English High school at nana ka bara in Pune.
Since his childhood days, he had witnessed the brutal atrocities that the imperial British Raj inflicted on India and her people. This instilled with him a strong urge to join hands with the revoluntaries in a bid for India ’s freedom struggle.
In the days of the Indian freedom movement, the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army (HSRA) was an active force working against the British who wanted India to free from British rule by means necessary. He was a member of HSRA. Their main motive was to strike fear into the heart of the British regime. They made then take notice of growing domestic uprising when they dealt crucial blow with attacks like in the Lahore Conspiracy Case(Dec18,1928) and the bombing of the Central Assembly Hall in New Delhi(April 8,1928).
Rajguru became a colleague of Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev and took part in the assassination of a British police officer, J.P. Saunders, at Lahorein 1928. Their actions were to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai who had died a fortnight after being hit by police while on a march protesting the Simon Commission in1928. Thus instilled revenge in the hearts of revolutionaries on Dec 18,1928 in Ferozepur. The feeling was that Rai ’s death resulted from police action although he had addressed a meeting later. Rajguru then went into hiding in Nagpur while taking shelter in the house of an RSS worker, he met Dr. K.B. Hedgewar. On his travel to pune however, Shivaram was finally arrested. Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru, and Sukhdev Thapar were then convicted of their crimes and sentenced to death.
On March 23,1931 the three brave revolutionaries were hanged, whilst their bodies were cremated on the bank of river Sutlej.